The project consists of the upgrading and extension of water and sanitation facilities in the cities of Mwanza, Musoma and Bukoba and other satellite towns of Mwanza, located on the shores of Lake Victoria, which is one of the most important trans-boundary national resources on the African Continent. It is a shared resource for several countries (Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda) with multiple economic uses and the sole source of water supply for many communities. The need to manage the lake and the activities which impinge on its environmental sustainability has emerged as one of the key challenges in East and Northern Africa in view of experiences with past pollution. A particularly pressing issue is the rapid population growth in the lake zone of the East Africa Community (EAC), which is seven times the African average, as people are attracted to economic opportunities the lake zone offers.
The project is currently in the investment phase. Physical works are expected to start during the second half of 2016.
The TA will assist the different water supply and sanitation authorities (WSSAs) involved in the project in planning, implementing and operating sustainably as well as increasing their understanding of the water quality trends of the lake. All WSSAs are faced with shortfalls in human resources and financing and require assistance for better management of billing and collection as well as improved coverage of operation and maintenance costs. The TA will also assist the updating of the utilities’ business plans with a view to establishing tariffs that cover costs and contribute to the long-term financial sustainability of the utilities. The TA will ensure that all measures are undertaken as part of a coordinated planning approach.
As at 31 December 2015, ESIA and Resettlement Actions plans are being reviewed for Musoma and Bukoba. A design review of the new sewerage system is on-going in Bukoba to take into account future city development. For Musoma, the Engineer's contract is expected to be signed mid-2016.