The project consists of the upgrading and extension of water and sanitation facilities in the cities of Mwanza, Musoma and Bukoba and other satellite towns of Mwanza, located on the shores of Lake Victoria, which is one of the most important trans-boundary national resources on the African Continent. It is a shared resource for several countries (Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda) with multiple economic uses and the sole source of water supply for many communities. The need to manage the lake and the activities which impinge on its environmental sustainability has emerged as one of the key challenges in East and Northern Africa in view of experiences with past pollution. A particularly pressing issue is the rapid population growth in the lake zone of the East Africa Community (EAC), which is seven times the African average, as people are attracted to economic opportunities the lake zone offers.
The project is currently in the investment phase. Physical works are expected to start during the second half of 2016.
The EU-AITF TA will finance support for the different water supply and sanitation authorities (WSSAs) involved in the project in planning, implementing and operating sustainably as well as increasing their understanding of the water quality trends of the lake. All WSSAs are faced with shortfalls in human resources and financing and require external assistance for better management of billing and collection as well as improved coverage of operation and maintenance costs. The TA will also finance the updating of the utilities’ business plans with a view to establishing tariffs that cover costs and contribute to the long-term financial sustainability of the utilities.
Through the TA it will be ensured that all measures are undertaken as part of a coordinated planning approach.
As at December 2015, The technical assistance to elaborate the Master Plan was awarded in November 2014, and the draft Inception Report was submitted mid-December 2014. The Contract with for stakeholder and sanitation facilitation was signed in December 2014, and works began in early January 2015. The contract for the Project Management Consultant was signed early 2015 and the assignment for the Lenders Supervisor was signed in July 2015. The Cooperation Agreement between EIB and the water authorities for technical assistance activities has been signed.